Al-Farhati (1999) divided the history of packaging into three parts:
The ancient history of packaging
- Al-Farhati (1999) stated that the first man in the Paleolithic period used many natural containers to preserve and store food in cavities and trunks of trees, pumpkins, and seashells, and then manufactured the package using rocks, wood, animal horns, bones, and skins.
- The nineteenth century witnessed the birth of the packaging industry, and what is meant here by packaging industry is the manufacture and decoration of various packaging by an institution or person for the purpose of selling them to another institution or person and not using them to protect and promote the goods they produce.
Recent history of packaging.
3. Al-Farhati (1999) pointed out that most of those working in the field of packaging and those interested in its affairs agree that the modern history of packaging began after the end of World War II, i.e. in 1945, at this time more than seventy years ago, most of the packaging was manufactured From paper or cardboard, glass, and metal, there were no plastic containers at all.
4. A major development in packaging occurred during World War II as a result of many food, clothing, and spare parts developing themselves, and there were many tests carried out on the packages to confirm the arrival of supplies properly, as it is known that the United States was a party to this war, and all wars took place far away. This was to supply the army with the supplies it needed, but these supplies were in poor condition as a result of poor packaging, and it took to develop packaging operations to overcome this problem.
5. Many vital developments in the field of canisters occurred as a result of extensive research during the war, and these developments became available to the public after the end of the war.
The development of the packaging industry
Al-Farhati (1999) presented all the important events on the date of packaging, including the researcher mentioning the following:
|300 BC||The ancient Egyptians believe that the use of blown bottles and jars, the formation of paper from hail plants, and the use of HFI packaging.|
|1884||The appearance of milk bottles.|
|1886||Production of the first pure aluminum by Charles Martin.|
|1895||The first presentation of toothpaste in tubes.|
|1898||The appearance of cellophane. |
Use aluminum lids for jars.
|1902||Standard Oil uses metal barrels instead of wooden ones.|
|1903||The first use of double-sided corrugated cardboard.|
|1906||The first pure U.S. Food and Drug Act.|
|1907||Production of the first organic piece of plastic.|
|1913||The first use of foil is to wrap candy.|
|1936||Thermoforming, the process of heating and forming plastic sheets originated in France to be used as a non-shrinkable film on meat.|
|1937||Acrylic production in the United States and subsequent use in hard boxes and bottles.|
Production of plastic bottles with a blowing system.
|1938||The Food and Drug Act, passed by the Food and Drug Organization, sets out steps to increase the regulation of the packaging and labeling of these goods.|
|1943||Patent for aerosol packaging published by Sullivan & Goodhue.|
|1947||Production of the first commercial aerosol bottle by Continental Cans.|
|1954||Detection of urine and propylene, and the beginning of its use in packaging.|
|1959||The use of aluminum in the manufacture of cans beverage cans.|
• Al-Farhati, Mahmoud Attia, (1999), “Packaging and its Impact on Society and the Environment”, first edition, Dar Al-Fikr Al-Arabi. Cairo (pp. 21: 24).